Air plants  

Many different plants grow on the branches of mangrove trees. These are known as air plants because their roots do not grow on the ground, but only grow on the host tree. Included in this category of fauna are beautiful orchids, bromelias, ferns and mosses.

The air plants form by growing their roots on the branches in order to hold on. In their leaves they possess special structures, called "scales" that soak up the humidity and energy from the surrounding environment in order to feed themselves. The biggest advantages of living on branches and not on the ground is that they receive more light and are further away from ground dwelling animals that might feed on them.